Changes between Version 32 and Version 33 of io_operations

Nov 22, 2017, 3:01:40 PM (6 years ago)



  • io_operations

    v32 v33  
    110110Each external IRQ (IRQ generated by a given external device channel) is identified by a '''irq_id''' index, used as an identifier by the kernel. For a given hardware architecture, this '''irq_id''' index is defined by the ''arch_info'' file describing the architecture, and is registered by the kernel in the '''iopic_input''' structure, that is a global variable replicated in all clusters.
    112 The actual interrupt routing is defined during the PIC device initialization, by the architecture specific PIC driver. The PIC device is the first device initialized by the kernel_init() function.
     112The actual interrupt routing is defined during the PIC device initialization, by the architecture specific PIC driver, as defined below.
     114=== TSAR_MIPS32 architecture ===
     116The IOPIC external controller provides two services:
     117 1. It translate each IRQ identified by its '''irq_id''' to a write transactions to a specific mailbox contained in a local LAPIC controller, for a given core in a given cluster. as explained below.
     118 1. It allows the kernel to selectively enable/disable any external IRQ identified by its '''irq_id''' index.
     120The LAPIC controller (called XCU) is replicated in all clusters containing at least one core. It handle three types of IRQs:  The '''HWI''' (HardWare Interrupts) are generated by local internal peripherals, and connected to the local XCU, to be routed to a given local core. The '''WTI''' ( Write Triggered Interrupts) are actually mailboxes implemented in the local XCU. They are used to implement both software IPIs (Inter-Processor-Interrupts),
     121or to register the external IRQs (write transactions) generated by the IOPIC controller. Finally the '''PTI''' (Programmable Timer Interrupts) are actually timers contained contained in the LAPIC,programmed by the kernel,
     122and routed to a local core to implement context switches (TICK event). The numbers of interrupts of each type in a given cluster are defined in the XCU_CONFIG register of the XCU component, and cannot be larger than the
     123SOCLIB_MAX_HWI, SOCLIB_MAX_WTI, SOCLIB_MAX_PTI constants defined in the '' soclib_pic.h'' file.
     125The actual IRQ routing policy implemented by the SOCLIB_PIC driver depends on the IRQ type. For the external IRQs, the routing is done by the soclib_pic_bind_irq() function.
     127 * ''Local Hardware Interrupt''' : There is only two local peripherals. The MMC device is the L2 cache configuration
     128 * '''PTI''' : There is one PTI per local core, and the PTI index is equal to the core local index.
     129 * '''IPI''' : There is one IPI per local core. Each IPI is implemented as a WTI mailbox.
     130 * '''External Hardware Interrupt''' : each external IRQ is translated to a WTI event,
     132 The LAPIC controller provides three main services:
     133 1. It allows the kernel to selectively enable/disable any IRQ (identified by its type and index) for a given core. It is the kernel responsibility to enable a given IRQ for a single core as a given IRQ event should be handled by only one core.
     134 *   2) It makes a global OR between all enabled IRQs for a given core, to interrupt
     135 *      the core when at least one enabled IRQ is active.
     136 *   3) It is capable to return the highest priority active IRQ of each type.
     137 *      For each type, the lowest index have the highest priority.
     139===  X86_64 architecture ===